Surgical Services

The veterinarians at McKenzie Veterinary Services can perform most types of surgeries that are encountered in small animal veterinary medicine. Of course, spaying and neutering are the most common surgeries, but we can also provide a wide range of soft tissue and orthopedic surgeries in our clinic. On occasion, we may refer you to local Board Certified Surgery Specialists for complex surgeries where advanced training and intensive postoperative care is necessary.

General Anesthesic


For some procedures, your pet will need to be administered general anesthesia so that he or she will be unconscious and not feel pain. Many pet owners worry about their pets being administered general anesthesia. Modern anesthesia is generally quite safe, and to further lower any risk, we perform a physical examination and may recommend running blood tests ahead of time to catch any underlying health issues. In addition, we follow a specific anesthetic protocol, including IV fluid therapy and monitoring vital signs (see below) during the procedure, to ensure the safety of our patients.

We begin most general anesthetic procedures by administering a sedative to help the pet relax and decrease any anxiety and pain. We then administer an intravenous drug to provide complete anesthesia and place an endotracheal tube into the patient’s trachea. To maintain the state of unconsciousness, we deliver a gas anesthetic (isoflurane) in combination with oxygen through the breathing tube. Local and regional anesthesia is often used in combination with general anesthesia. Recovery from general anesthesia is generally rapid and uncomplicated in small animals.

Patient Monitoring


All patients undergoing general anesthesia at McKenzie Veterinary Services are monitored closely by trained animal health technicians. Their job is to double check the workings, set up of the gas anesthesia machine and to place IV catheters and set fluid pump rates before anesthesia. After anesthetic induction and intubation, they monitor and record vital signs such as heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure (with Doppler machines), temperature and depth of anesthesia during the procedure. All the monitoring machines in the world do not replace the eye and ears of a trained technician and their ability to detect and respond to subtle patient changes under anesthesia. Their close monitoring does not end until the patient goes home well recovered.

Pain Management


Pain management in veterinary patients has been a rapidly evolving area of study in recent years and it is now considered to be the norm to provide adequate pain control for every patient. Our understanding and recognition of the signs of pain in animals are better and veterinarians and veterinary technicians receive continuing training to recognize and manage pain.

Managing expected pain begins well before any procedure which may create pain is started and it is well recognized that control of postoperative pain is paramount to a better surgical or dental recovery. Our veterinarians are versed in the best pre-anesthetic protocols and postoperative pain control. There are many newer pain medications which are safe and effective in cats and dogs and your pet will likely receive one or more medications for short and long-term pain control. Always ask your vet about pain management medications that may be best for your pet.