Tranquilization or sedation is used to calm an animal under various conditions. The animal remains awake or may ‘sleep’ but is easily aroused when stimulated. Combinations of sedative drugs are frequently used for procedures such as biopsies, positioning for x-rays, ultrasound, small skin tumour removals combined with local anesthesia, as well as any number of short-term non-invasive procedures. Some newer generation sedatives have the benefit of providing rapid deep sedation which can then be reversed quickly for rapid recovery.
Pet owners frequently request medications for sedation for their animals during travel, thunderstorms, windstorms, fireworks, etc. Sedation and tranquilization are not without risk and so the health and risks to each animal should be assessed prior to dispensing these medicines.